© 2022 KGOU
News and Music for Oklahoma
Play Live Radio
Next Up:
Available On Air Stations

Oklahoma Refs Say Fan Abuse Contributing To Nationwide Shortage

A back judge and a referee officiate a high school football game in Norman, August 2018.

High school students pack into front row seats at the University of Oklahoma stadium in Norman on a muggy Thursday evening, set to watch the city’s biggest rivalry: the Norman High School Tigers versus the Norman North Timberwolves.

Claire LaReau, a senior at Norman North, is decked out in a bright green bowtie and green face paint. LaReau said high school football games can be intense. She and her classmates still talk about an incident from two years ago.



“It was at an away game and this ref made a horrible call. Everyone just was screaming and yelling,” LaReau said.

“All of a sudden you just see this pickle flying. And it hits the ref in the head.”

The ref reportedly dismissed the entire student section with just a few minutes left in the game.

Tim Nugen, who has been an official in the Oklahoma City area for six years, said most refs have stories like this.

“I remember one coach getting up into my face and telling me that I needed to read the rule book a little more,” Nugen said. “And that I needed to turn my uniform back into Foot Locker.”

Nugen is one of about 350 people calling games in the metro.

He started officiating because he played football in high school and wanted to stay close to the sport.

“I try not to live in the past or anything, but I get a front row seat,” Nugen said. “I mean, I’m right there on the field. Nobody gets a better seat than I do.”

Nugen usually calls games with the same four guys and said for the most part, reffing is fun. He is the head linesman for his crew, which also includes an umpire, a line judge, a back judge and a referee.

“We like to cut up a lot. We like to do all kinds of, you know, fun stuff,” Nugen said.

“The referee on our crew is a pretty intense guy, so we always like to get under his skin a little bit by hiding his gear or taking his whistle away.”

Barry Mano, founder of the National Association of Sports Officials, said sports officiating teaches people to be fair-minded, accountable and decisive.

Officials walk the field at the University of Oklahoma stadium in Norman before a high school game.
Credit Claire Donnelly / KGOU
Officials walk the field at the University of Oklahoma stadium in Norman before a high school game.

But it’s also a tough job.  

Officials sometimes drive several hours to weeknight games and make a maximum of approximately $120 per contest.

According to Mano, bad behavior is the main reason people are wary of becoming referees.

“If you were in a courtroom and saw somebody...jump across the bench and slug the judge, you would be outraged,” Mano said. “That happens in the sports fields.”

The profession is having trouble attracting and retaining young people, per a survey of officials across the country.

Mano said roughly 70 percent of people quit within the first three years.

“You have these people absolutely screaming at you,” Mano said. “[They’re] going crazy and then chasing you to your car. How long are you going to do that? Not long.”

To fix the shortage of officials, Mano argues sports leagues need to hold misbehaving coaches, parents and fans accountable. He said referees also benefit from a strong support system, like a mentoring program through a local ref association.

Adam Warmuth, a parent on the sidelines at the football game in Norman, said during tense games, it is tempting to blame officials.

“I get emotional,” Warmuth said. His son is a sophomore on the Norman High School team.

But he said he tries to keep his emotions in check and called refs “a necessary evil.”

“Just wait long enough and they’ll make a bad call for you the opposite way,” Warmuth said.

“Without them, you’re on an honor system. Good luck with that.”

As a community-supported news organization, KGOU relies on contributions from readers and listeners to fulfill its mission of public service to Oklahoma and beyond. Donate online, or by contacting our Membership department.

Claire has previously worked at KGOU, where she helped create a podcast, How Curious, and hosted local news during Morning Edition. Previously, she was an intern on the city desk at WBEZ in Chicago. She holds a master’s degree in journalism from Northwestern University’s Medill School. Claire has reported on street performers, temp workers, criminal court cases, police dogs, Christmas tree recycling and more.
More News
Support nonprofit, public service journalism you trust. Give now.